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Dec
16
2015
MySQL UDF

A colleague asked me to install MySQL UDF (MySQL user defined functions) on a server.

So here are my notes on the subject, for a CentOS 6.7 linux box:

First you need to have mysql-devel on your system which install the mysql development headers on /usr/include/mysql/ directory:


# yum -y install mysql-devel

Then download the latest source code of mysqludf_udf:


# wget -c https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mysqludf/lib_mysqludf_udf/master/lib_mysqludf_udf.c

and compile it


# gcc -m64 -fPIC -Wall
        -I/usr/include/mysql -I.
        -L/usr/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
        -shared lib_mysqludf_udf.c
        -o /usr/lib64/mysql/plugin/lib_mysqludf_udf.so

confirm:


# ls -l /usr/lib64/mysql/plugin/lib_mysqludf_udf.so

Restart your MySQL and test it !

Tag(s): mysql
Dec
16
2015
ODROID-C1 specs

odroid-c1.jpg

CPU


# cat /proc/cpuinfo
Processor   : ARMv7 Processor rev 1 (v7l)
processor   : 0
BogoMIPS    : 3.27

processor   : 1
BogoMIPS    : 3.27

processor   : 2
BogoMIPS    : 3.27

processor   : 3
BogoMIPS    : 3.27

Features    : swp half thumb fastmult vfp edsp neon vfpv3 tls vfpv4
CPU implementer : 0x41
CPU architecture: 7
CPU variant : 0x0
CPU part    : 0xc05
CPU revision    : 1

Hardware    : ODROIDC
Revision    : 000a
Serial      : 1b00000000000000

MEM


# cat /proc/meminfo
MemTotal:         995480 kB
MemFree:          696624 kB
Buffers:           31200 kB
Cached:           119288 kB
SwapCached:            0 kB
Active:            73836 kB
Inactive:          87144 kB
Active(anon):      10596 kB
Inactive(anon):     1572 kB
Active(file):      63240 kB
Inactive(file):    85572 kB
Unevictable:           0 kB
Mlocked:               0 kB
HighTotal:        268288 kB
HighFree:         166504 kB
LowTotal:         727192 kB
LowFree:          530120 kB
SwapTotal:       1049084 kB
SwapFree:        1049084 kB
Dirty:                16 kB
Writeback:             0 kB
AnonPages:         10448 kB
Mapped:            17384 kB
Shmem:              1676 kB
Slab:              58992 kB
SReclaimable:      37252 kB
SUnreclaim:        21740 kB
KernelStack:        1080 kB
PageTables:          516 kB
NFS_Unstable:          0 kB
Bounce:                0 kB
WritebackTmp:          0 kB
CommitLimit:     1546824 kB
Committed_AS:      30284 kB
VmallocTotal:     245760 kB
VmallocUsed:       19892 kB
VmallocChunk:     214012 kB

Tag(s): ODROID-C1
Dec
16
2015
Build your own Access Point

UPDATED: 14 February 2016
Blog Post: 16 December 2015

I have started (for some time now, to be honest) to transfer my router’s function to my ODROID-c1

odroid-c1.jpg

that runs Archlinux arm so I have my favorite distribution on this beautiful development board.


# uname -a
Linux myodroid 3.10.80-13-ARCH #1 SMP PREEMPT Tue Sep 15 15:43:38 MDT 2015 armv7l GNU/Linux

for specs you can click here

The board has an Gigabit Ethernet port but no Wireless Card.

I had a spare USB Wireless Network card, so I’ve used it on one of the four USB slots of the board.


Bus 001 Device 003: ID 148f:3370 Ralink Technology, Corp. RT3370 Wireless Adapter

You need to verify that your wireless card, can support Access Point functionality.
To verify your card, type:


# iw list | grep AP

if you see something like that: #{ AP } then you probably are ok.

The most important thing is to find out what your card can do, mine:


        valid interface combinations:
                 * #{ AP } <= 8,
                   total <= 8, #channels <= 1

That means that I can configure up to 8 AP (Access Points), 8 different ssid but only on one channel !

 

Reading through the internet (mostly on archlinux wiki) I had, first, to create a Bridge with my Ethernet card and then hostapd will add my Wireless Card to the same bridge.

Although I use systemd for a while sometime, I wasnt able to create the bridge interface via systemd. I’ve tested my confs/files to a secondary linux machine and I know for a fact that my notes are correct. Somehow it seems that there is a problem with systemd on ODROID-c1 regarding this or perhaps I havent found the problem with my setup!

So I’ve created a shell script that runs after boot: net.sh


!/bin/sh

ip link add br0 type bridge
ip link set br0 up

ip link set eth0 up
ip link set eth0 master br0

ip addr add 10.10.10.10/24 dev br0
ip route add default via 10.10.10.1 dev br0

# Wireless Vlan (Guest Network)
ip address add 10.10.20.10/24 dev br0:0

# Enable Forwarding
sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

# Masquerade traffic
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o br0 -j MASQUERADE

# Accept forwarding
iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT

# Start (or restart) hostapd
systemctl restart hostapd.service

# Isolate Vlan 10.10.20.0/24 (Guest Network) from 10.10.10.0/24 (Home Network)
iptables -I FORWARD -s 10.10.20.0/24 -d 10.10.10.0/24 -j DROP

a basic setup of hostapd is below. I’ve used TEST as the ssid and TESTTESTTEST as the password:

/etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf


interface=wlan0
bridge=br0
driver=nl80211
ctrl_interface=/var/run/hostapd
ctrl_interface_group=0
ssid=Testing
hw_mode=g
channel=1
ap_isolate=1
own_ip_addr=127.0.0.1
wpa=2
wpa_passphrase=TestingTesting
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK

On this ODROID-C1 board, I run my own DNS Cache/DHCP server with dnsmasq.

/etc/dnsmasq.conf


interface=br0
# custom host file to reduce ads
addn-hosts=/etc/hosts.txt

dhcp-range=10.10.20.16,10.10.20.32,12h
dhcp-option=option:router,10.10.20.10
dhcp-option=option:dns-server,10.10.20.10
dhcp-option=option:ntp-server,193.93.167.241
Tag(s): ODROID-C1
Dec
13
2015
one step closer to 32c3

As we getting closer to the amazing 32nd Chaos Communication Congress (32C3) we must consider some privacy steps to our electronic devices.

Perhaps it’s idiotic to take a smartphone to this conference, as we all know that in such events hacking is fair play to everyone.

The below quote, from Person of Interest, reminds us exactly that:

If they don’t want you to get inside, they ought to build it better.

You should treat every network as a hostile, already compromised network.
It’s probably true, anyway !

For us mere people that we dont have many security knowledge, we need to take some extra security measures if we want to bring our smartphone together. It’s just for browsing, taking some picture from the event (and not the people, respect that please), check some emails or tweet something interesting.

Btw, if you believe that it is ok to use your smartphone/laptop on your hotel room, think again!
Where do you think all the hackers from the event are going to sleep ?
Yeap, on the same hotel. So be extra careful in places you feel more safe!

This isnt a guide you must or should follow, or even a bulletproof solution. As the subject of this blog post suggest is just a step closer. You should also remind your self in idle times (as watching a presentation) to keep your phone in airplane mode and always use TOR for browsing.

So, on a spare -just formatted- android mobile phone install AFWall+, create a new profile and BLOCK everything. Whitelist only OpenVPN.

android_firewall.png

Check your browser to see that you dont have access on the internet:

android_browser.png

Connect to your OpenVPN server and check again:

android_vpn.png

Tag(s): openvpn
Dec
11
2015
HestiaPi is more than just a thermostat

[UPDATE 2015 12 13]

How about if you could control your entire home temperature and hot water/central heating etc etc, through your smartphone over the internet ?

You are going to think that this is a dangerous IoT (Internet of Thing) that exposes your privacy to unknown attackers and your smart home is going to be under the control of an evil company.

What if I could tell you, that you can build your own smart controller with open-design/open hardware & free software that costs about €100 ?

Crazy, right ?

Actually there is a project that does exactly all the above and much more and it’s based on a Raspberry Pi.

Let me introduce you to HestiaPi .

hestiapi.png

The name comes from the greek word: εστία and everything you need to start with, have already been published by the core developer on their site.

The team behind this awesome project will host/run an open/free entrance two day Hackathon at Athens, Hackerspace on 2016.

hestiapihackathon.png

If you are curious on the project, visit hackerspace.gr and be part of this amazing project.

Dec
09
2015
RHEL 7/CentOS 7 networking bonding without NetworkManager

First remove NetworkManager:



# systemctl stop NetworkManager

# systemctl disable NetworkManager
rm '/etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/NetworkManager.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.service'
rm '/etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.freedesktop.nm-dispatcher.service'

# yum -y remove NetworkManager*

# /usr/bin/rm -rf /etc/NetworkManager

If you want to be more productive you should clean your system from FirewallD, install iptables-services and if you are going to install a redhat product/software disable SELinux as it’s manual going to suggest !

Now we can proceed.


# systemctl status network.service

will show us /etc/rc.d/init.d/network as the network orchestrator on the system.
Reading this file will get you a basic understanding of networking.


if [ ! -f /etc/sysconfig/network ]; then
    exit 6
fi

that tells us that file: /etc/sysconfig/network must exist on our system.

If you want to disable the network on this linux machine you can do it by adding the below declaration:


NETWORKING=no

So here are my notes for bonding:

eth0 + eth1 = bond0 with Adaptive transmit load balancing:


# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-em1
DEVICE=em1
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes

# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-em2
DEVICE=em2
MASTER=bond0
SLAVE=yes

and bond0:


DEVICE=bond0

BONDING_OPTS="miimon=1 updelay=0 downdelay=0 mode=balance-tlb"
TYPE=Bond
BONDING_MASTER=yes

DNS1=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
GATEWAY=8.8.8.8
IPADDR=xxx.xxx.xxx.1
PREFIX=24
DEFROUTE=yes

BOOTPROTO=none
ONBOOT=yes

and as yoda would tell:

“else everything do not need you”

Dec
06
2015
Reproducible Builds

I had the opportunity to participate on an Athen’s Hackerspace event with a dozen debian developers about the issue with reproducible distribution’s package builds.

I had never thought of this thing before and the presentation blown me away !

So here is the deal, if you download the latest openssl package from an archlinux mirror (want archlinux users will going to do):


# pacman -Sw openssl

What if we tried to build openssl by our selfs from the PKGBUILD file ?


# cd /var/abs/core/openssl

$ makepkg -cf
==> Making package: openssl 1.0.2.e-1 (Sun Dec  6 13:07:08 EET 2015)
==> Checking runtime dependencies...
==> Checking buildtime dependencies...
==> Retrieving sources...
  -> Found openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz
  -> Found openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz.asc
  -> Found no-rpath.patch
  -> Found ca-dir.patch
==> Validating source files with md5sums...
    openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz ... Passed
    openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz.asc ... Skipped
    no-rpath.patch ... Passed
    ca-dir.patch ... Passed
==> Verifying source file signatures with gpg...
    openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz ... Passed
==> Extracting sources...
  -> Extracting openssl-1.0.2e.tar.gz with bsdtar
==> Starting prepare()...

...
...
...

==> Leaving fakeroot environment.
==> Finished making: openssl 1.0.2.e-1 (Sun Dec  6 13:11:06 EET 2015)
==> Cleaning up...

Let’s check the md5sum:



# md5sum /var/cache/pacman/pkg/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz
         /var/abs/core/openssl/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz 

b555ac4294a2f39ef0caa19e21a28355  /var/cache/pacman/pkg/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz
08755bad654f74b8a1c4c5386934aeea  /var/abs/core/openssl/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz

wat ???

why isnt both files similar exactly the same ?

Let’s find out what are the differences between these two files by using diffoscope


diffoscope --html /tmp/openssl.html
    /var/cache/pacman/pkg/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz
    /var/abs/core/openssl/openssl-1.0.2.e-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz

fire up an html browser and open /tmp/openssl.html

Read carefully the output, most of them are timestamps.
So what this fuzz is all about ?

There is a huge problem actually, we trust our distributions for privacy and security.

But what if governments have already compromised ftp mirrors or by MITM we have already installed a backdoor software?

That’s what core developers from major distributions are fighting as we speak, they are trying to engage more core developers and find a way to redistribute reproducible builds so that you can actually verify a package build on your PC.

Need to know more?

Click here: reproducible-builds

Can you help ?
take a look on diffoscope

Tag(s): diffoscope
Dec
06
2015
adaptation IPv6 the wrong way!

There are some companies that have just started to dual stack (IPv4 & IPv6) their infrastructure, like twimg (the twitter hosting images site).

Reminder that IPv6 is preferable on the Internet (by design)



query[AAAA] pbs.twimg.com from 192.168.1.4
pbs.twimg.com to xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
reply pbs.twimg.com is 

reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:102::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:106::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:105::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:107::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:104::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:100::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:101::2
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 2606:1f80:a000:103::2

query[A] pbs.twimg.com from 192.168.1.4
cached pbs.twimg.com is 
forwarded pbs.twimg.com to xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
reply pbs.twimg.com is 

reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.103
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.231
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.135
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.39
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.199
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.71
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.7
reply ipv6.twimg.com is 104.244.43.167

but twitter itself, doesnt support IPv6 !


query[AAAA] twitter.com from 192.168.1.4
forwarded twitter.com to xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
reply twitter.com is NODATA-IPv6

query[A] twitter.com from 192.168.1.4
forwarded twitter.com to xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
reply twitter.com is 199.16.156.102
reply twitter.com is 199.16.156.70
reply twitter.com is 199.16.156.38
reply twitter.com is 199.16.156.6

So below is the result on IPv4 twitter that calls IPv6 twimg:

twitter.png

Tag(s): twitter, IPv6
Nov
25
2015
Sender Policy Framework

UPDATE Thu Nov 26 11:28:05 EET 2015

Does SPF break forwarding?
(like in mailing lists)

  • Yes, it does break forwarding.

So learn from my mistake and think this through.

Wednesday, 25 November 2015

There is a very simply way to add spf [check] support to your postfix setup.
Below are my notes on CentOS 6.7

Step One: install python policy daemon for spf


# yum -y install pypolicyd-spf

Step Two: Create a new postfix service, called spfcheck


# vim + /etc/postfix/master.cf

spfcheck     unix  -       n       n       -       -       spawn
    user=nobody argv=/usr/libexec/postfix/policyd-spf

Step Three: Add a new smtp daemon recipient restrictions


# vim +/^smtpd_recipient_restrictions /etc/postfix/main.cf
smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
    permit_mynetworks,
...
    check_policy_service unix:private/spfcheck
policy_time_limit = 3600

And that’s what we see in the end on a receiver’s source-view email:



Received-SPF: Pass (sender SPF authorized) identity=mailfrom; client-ip=xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx;
helo=server.mydomain.tld; envelope-from=user@mydomain.tld; receiver=username@example.com

where xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx is the IP of the sender mail server
server.mydomain.tld is the name of the sender mail server
user@mydomain.tld is the sender’s email address
and of-course
username@example.com is the receiver’s mail address

You can take a better look on postfix python SPF policy daemon by clicking here: python-postfix-policyd-spf

SPF Record Checker

Tag(s): postfix, spf
Nov
15
2015
dns opennic dnscrypt

A few days ago, I gave a presentation on fosscomm 2015 about DNS, OpenNic Project and DNScrypt

So without further ado, here it is: dns_opennic_dnscrypt.pdf

Oct
23
2015
dnscrypt-wrapper & libsodium

updated versions for rpm spec files here

  • dnscrypt-wrapper v0.1.17
  • libsodium v1.0.4


# rpmbuild -ba libsodium.spec
# rpmbuild -ba dnscrypt-wrapper.spec

Tag(s): dnscrypt
Oct
22
2015
I, Robot by Isaac Asimov

I did a road trip last week and had almost 11 hours to “kill” while driving.
So I’ve downloaded an audio book to accompany me all those hours.

I chose ‘I, Robot’ a collection of short stories by Isaac Asimov.

i_robot.jpg

I have to admit that although I was aware on the core beliefs and the Three Laws of Robotics, I had never had the change to read (or listen) I, Robot.

These dystopia stories captivate me from the start!
If anyone havent yet read these stories, PLZ make yourself a present and read (or listen) them.

After that, you should really watch the swedish TV series Real Humans / Äkta människor and/or the british version Humans which are about androids!

Tag(s): books, audiobook
Sep
29
2015
ipv6 autoconfigure

So … it seems that some router gives dhcp ipv6 prefixes for specific lans.

The default behaviour of CentOS is to autoconfigure the network interface with ifup script.

We havent finished our #ipv6 schema/deployment so we need to disable this ipv6 autoconfigure feature.

global



# vim /etc/sysconfig/network

NETWORKING_IPV6=no
IPV6FORWARDING=no
IPV6_AUTOCONF=no

interface


# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
IPV6INIT=no

Flushing


# ip -6 addr flush eth0

# ip -6 route flush scope global

and finally restart



# service restart network

Tag(s): ipv6, centos
Sep
19
2015
locale-archive

remove unnecessary locales:


# localedef --list-archive | egrep -v '^el_GR|^en_US' | xargs localedef --delete-from-archive
# mv -f /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive.tmpl
# build-locale-archive
Tag(s): locales, centos
Sep
19
2015
book status

Just finished

τα ουγγρικά ψάρια του Γιάννη Πλιώτα

ouggrikapsaria.png

Μπορείτε να διαβάσετε ολόκληρο το βιβλίο εδώ

Απίθανη, μυστηριώδης, κωμική απαγωγή !

Ματωμένο Μήνυμα του Jussi Adler-Olsen

matomeno_minima.jpg

Ενοχή του Jussi Adler-Olsen

enochi.jpg

Tag(s): books
Sep
10
2015
botcast s02e01

So at athen’s hackerspace our bots made a new podcast for this season!

If you are a greek listener, take a look here: botcast s02e01

podcast

Tag(s): podcast
Sep
09
2015
Create TRUE random passwords - Errata

This blog post is dedicated to “rwman os” for contacting me to suggest that I was wrong !

And indeed I was !! ( <— two exclamation marks)

So this blog post create true random passwords has some mistakes and I am here to make amens.

the correct syntax on creating random passwords is this:


$ cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc $'\x21-\x7E' | head -c 21

and after further investigation (with GNU coreutils 8.23) seems that you can use octal as well:


$ cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc '\041-\176'  | head -c 21
Tag(s): random, password
Aug
28
2015
podcasts

This is a list with podcasts I listen on a regular base

Tag(s): podcast
Aug
24
2015
The Keeper of Lost Causes - Jussi Adler-Olsen

Μου αρέσουν τα σκοτεινά βιβλία … δεν μπορώ να προσδιορίσω το γιατί. Ίσως μιλάνε υποσυνείδητα σε μέρη που δεν μπορώ ηθικά να φτάσω …

Ειδικά οι συγγραφείς των Σκανδιναβικών Χωρών έχουν γράψει αριστουργήματα κι ο Γιούσι Άντλερ-Όλσεν δεν αποτελεί εξαίρεση.

Στην αρχή του 2013 διάβασα το Βεβήλωση όπου ήταν το 2ο βιβλίο της σειράς Q. Το βιβλίο θυμάμαι το είχα ρουφήξει. Η σύγχυσή μου όταν διαπίστωσα πως είναι το 2ο στην σειρά κι ο Λιβάνης δεν είχε πουθενά το 1ο, απίστευτη. Μάλιστα θυμάμαι πως έχω κάνει φασαρία για το συγκεκριμένο θέμα σε περίπτερο του Λιβάνη σε έκθεση βιβλίων. Ο άνθρωπος στο περίπτερο μίλησε στο τηλέφωνο (καλοκαίρι 2013) μου είπε πως πράγματι δεν είναι διαθέσιμο γκρρρρρρ

Μιας κι η λίστα με τα todo list μου φτάνει στο φεγγάρι, το ξέχασα μέχρι πριν από μερικές μέρες. Όπου η αδελφή μου αγόρασε το 2ο βιβλίο (μετά από προτροπή μου). Μέσα σε 8 ώρες (σάββατο απόγευμα/κυριακή πρωί) ρούφηξα κι αυτό το βιβλίο!!!

Έχουν βγει και δύο ταινίες (βασισμένες στα δύο πρώτα βιβλία του συγγραφέα) -κι αυτές απίστευτες- κι ευτυχώς έχουν βγει και τα επόμενα δύο βιβλία της σειράς Q.

Προσπαθώ να διαβάζω τα βιβλία στα αγγλικά (εάν ο συγγραφέας το έχει γράψει στα αγγλικά) αλλά μιας και δεν μιλώ την γλώσσα του Γιούσι, προτειμώ την εκπληκτική μετάφραση του Χρήστου Καψάλη.

departmentq1.jpg

Tag(s): books
Aug
23
2015
forwarding logs with Fluentd

Server_A —> Server_B —> Server_C

Let’s say that we have our elasticsearch/kibana setup on Server_C
but Server_A can’t talk to Server_C.

Server_A


# tail /etc/rsyslog.d/20_central_logging.conf 

*.*      @192.168.1.100:42185
& ~

Server_B

install fluentd



# wget -c http://packages.treasuredata.com.s3.amazonaws.com/2/redhat/6/x86_64/td-agent-2.2.1-0.el6.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -ivh td-agent-2.2.1-0.el6.x86_64.rpm

configure fluentd


# vim /etc/td-agent/td-agent.conf


<source>
  type syslog
  port 42185
  tag  rsyslog
</source>

<match ***>
  type forward
  send_timeout 10s
  recover_wait 10s
  heartbeat_interval 1s
  phi_threshold 16
  hard_timeout 60s

  <server>
    host 192.168.1.200
  </server>
</match>

Server C

install fluentd



# wget -c http://packages.treasuredata.com.s3.amazonaws.com/2/redhat/6/x86_64/td-agent-2.2.1-0.el6.x86_64.rpm
# rpm -ivh td-agent-2.2.1-0.el6.x86_64.rpm

configure fluentd


# vim /etc/td-agent/td-agent.conf

<match ***>
  type elasticsearch
  flush_interval 10s # for testing
  logstash_format true
</match>

PLZ Dont forget your iptables rules !!!!
UDP & TCP

Tag(s): Fluentd