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Flowers for Algernon

I like spending my free time reading books. Although i don’t have a good memory and my english are far from perfect, i prefer to read books in english.

A few days ago I was wondering what my potentials would be if i could remember everything i have ever read in my life. When discussing that with a good friend, she told me to read:

Flowers for Algernon


The book is AMAZING !

Is about the life of a retarded person, Charlie Gordon, whom - through a brain surgery - was given the gift of intelligence. The only problem is that no one knows how much time Charlie has, before loosing it all. What would you do if you had all the knowledge of the world, speaking 12 languages and understanding every scientific field there is? We are viewing the progress of Charlie though his reports and seeing him transform from a dummy friendly person to an egoistic self-center genius!

Charlie also has another problem. The problem that no one treats him like a person. Before he was the laugh of everyone, after a guinea pig. As his understanding of the world is growing, the same goes for his mental and physiological state. He is straggling to find out who is he real, what’s his place in the world. To learn from his retarded past, to make amens with his parents, to accept his future.

“First published in 1959 as a short story, Flowers for Algernon was released in novel form in 1966 and has since sold millions of copies.”

There are already two movies (at least), some theatrical plays, audio books, cliff notes, study notes, summaries, reviews, etc etc

You have to read this book!

Tag(s): books
tinc-vpn on android

I ‘ve updated my wiki page to add an android section to my tinc-vpn setup.

So here it is my: tinc-vpn to a redirect-gateway instructions.

genetics and police procedural

From my previous book-related blog post, I ‘ve read NONE of them and started two new books:



So, why did I choose those books?

I am a fan boy of police procedural stories (Jeffery Deaver is the BEST in this category) and the DNA-genetic approach was intriguing me. I had tons of questions and a very good friend of mine answered all of my questions on the subject.

So what’s the story of the first book ?

A detective with a dark side is trying to solve a missing-person case. With a strange twist the missing case is transformed to a series of deaths relating to a company that performs genetic research! The dark side of the detective is based on his primitive instincts and that is a result of genetic chimeras. I dont want to spill the beans and that’s way i will not write more about the book. The story is well written and has a technical base around genetics. The book challenges the ethics of DNA research and at what cost we are going to change the quality of our life.

The second book is the sequel of the detective’s story. The detective doesnt seem to be so stable as in the first book. He has health problems and the biggest one is that he is now trying to catch a serial killer who is defacing his victims with acid! The main story is around a HIV research facility which is doing human trials on a new vaccine. The detective is running out of time as his body crashing and everyone has abandoned him.

Tag(s): books
greek spammers part two

Nov 2 2014 - Dec 1 2014

Top spammers:


Blocked via postfix:


/massnews\.gr/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=1"
/glc-emea\.com/                 REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=2"
/To:.*info@balaskas\.gr/        REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=3"
/Akis.Angelakis/        REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=4"
/from.*            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=5"
/specisoft\.biz/                REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=6"
/advantech\.gr/                 REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=7"
/adsgreece\.com/                REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=8"
/2020web\.gr/                   REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=9"
/nfs\.gr/                       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=10"
/polimonotiki/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=11"
/eliamep\.org/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=12"
/ellak\.gr/                     REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=13"
/seminaria\.gr/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=14"
/stock-house\.gr/       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=15"
/Lesfemmes/i            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=16"
/aldridge\.com/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=17"
/inter\.net/            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=18"
/plexpr\.tk/            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=19"
/industrydisruptors\.org/   REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=20"
/xinis\.com/            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=21"
/globalgreece\.gr/      REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=22"
/hostzone\.gr/          REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=23"
/mailinglist\.gr/       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=24"
/profitconsult\.gr/     REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=25"
/pedersenco\.com/       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=26"
/diadima\.gr/           REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=27"
/helenco\.gr/           REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=28"
/adplus\.gr/            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=29"
/entos\.gr/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=30"
/4udeals\.gr/           REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=31"
/oncseminars\.gr/       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=32"
/enimerwsi\.gr/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=33"

Tag(s): greek, spam, postfix
The problem of communication

There is a big difference between communication and understanding.

Here is a DNS story:

The Internet Bank of Ebal (paraphrasing customer’s name) has their own Authoritative NameServer for their zone.
In the company i am currently working, we provide a secondary dns service.

Bellow the steps/instructions we provide to our customers - in order of action:

  1. Inform the customer to allow zone transfer to our Lans
  2. We confirm the zone transfer
  3. Inform the customer to add our secondary NameServers to his zone
    (NS records inside their dns zone)
  4. Provisioning the service aka add configuration to our NameServers
    and finally
  5. inform customer to add our NameServers to the Registry of .gr Domain Names

Just to be perfectly clear - we keep these steps simply cause from our experience not every DNS administrator understand what they must/should do.

So here are the steps the bank’s administrator did:

  1. Add one of our NameServers into registry of .gr domain names
  2. Allow zone transfer to our Lans.

in that order!

They raised a complain that we dont provide the secondary service and a lot of bank’s customer cant access their site (obviously)!

We re-inform the customer with the actions/steps and we specific told them to REMOVE our nameserver from the registry of .gr domains till WE confirm that everything is ok.

Below the new steps the bank’s administrator did:

  1. Add one more of our NameServers into registry of .gr domains names.

So we have a new problem.

I told the administrator (in writing) to remove something and they did the exactly opposite.
Still (at the time of writing this blog post) they havent add our nameservers into their zone
(step number #3).

At this moment i cant think of how to resolve the real problem: “The problem of communication to the point of understanding”

Seems that we are still having problems with this customer!
The administrator of the bank chose to update the authoritative nameservers on the registry .gr domains.
They removed our authoritative nameservers (acting as secondary) and added our caching nameservers.

Tag(s): work_related
pure HTML5/CSS3 show/hide help box

Just because i am a sysadmin, doesn’t mean that i can’t hack some HTML5/CSS3 code!

Or even do a better job than some “web” devs or devops !!!

In fact, here is an example of a pure HTML5/CSS3 show/hide help box:


The below code displays a ? on the HTML page,
so that when hovering over it, shows a help box.


HTML5 part

<span class="help">
    <font color=blue>  ?  </font>
    <div class="hidden">
        Specifies authoritative information about a DNS zone, 
        including the primary name server, the email of the domain 
        administrator, the domain serial number, and several timers 
        relating to refreshing the zone.


and the CCS3 part:

.help {
    width: 5px;

.help:hover {
    width: 500px;
    height: 100px;
    position: fixed;

    top: 50%;
    left: 50%;
    transform: translate(-50%, -50%);

.hidden {
    display: none;

.help:hover > .hidden {
    display: block;
    background: #f7f7f7;
    color: #000000;
    text-align: left;


I am sure, that this (perhaps) is not the perfect way - but it sure beats every JS code I ‘ve already read from web-devs.

Tag(s): HTML5, CSS3
Deep Web

After finishing my Cyberpunk reading of Burning Chrome a short story collection & Neuromance by William Gibson started to search for new books to read.

@comzeradd suggested the bellow books:

  • Ancillary Justice (2013) by Ann Leckie
  • Cryptonomicon (1999) by Neal Stephenson
  • Homeland (2013) by Cory Doctorow
  • Little Brother (2008) by Cory Doctorow
  • Pirate Cinema (2012) by Cory Doctorow
  • Robopocalypse (2011) by Daniel H. Wilson
  • Snow Crash (1992) by Neal Stephenson
  • Permutation City (1994) by Greg Egan
  • The Emperor’s New Mind (1989) by Roger Penrose

but (as always) something new caught my eye!

a tweet about free books at noisetrade, a site that i hadn’t heard before.

There are short stories and books from indie (and not) writers that want to promote their job by giving free some stories/books. After a few searches i came up with Social Engineer by Ian Sutherland and immediately hooked up !


Searching the web for other work of Ian Sutherland i found his personal page on wattapad, a platform for writing & self-publishing short stories and books.

I have to say that there are a lot of stories that you have to read there !

I understand that self-publishing isn’t something easy. Major publishers with their “politics”, promotion and marketing can affect your book price or even your fan base. But wattapad builds their status upon readers and the publicity is being via social media (or blog posts like this one).

So I’ve read the first chapters of Invasion of Privacy there.


OK - this dude knows his stuff !!

From technical view is nearly perfect and the story has many “Jeffery Deaver - paranoia points and twists “

I don’t want to spoil anything on both books - but I’ve enjoyed the entire time of reading them the last couple weeks.

Take a look on his site Ian Sutherland for more info.

Tag(s): books
greek spam 01

In 30 40 days of my new mail address and the top spammers are:

/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=1"
/                 REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=2"
/To:.*        REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=3"
/Akis.Angelakis/        REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=4"
/from.*            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=5"
/                REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=6"
/                 REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=7"
/                REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=8"
/                   REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=9"
/                       REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=10"
/polimonotiki/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=11"
/                  REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=12"
/                     REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=13"
/          REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=14"
/        REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=15"
/Lesfemmes/i            REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=16"
/          REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=17"
/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=18"
/         REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=19"
/    REJECT "Plz stop sending SPAM id=20"

Tag(s): spam
SatNOGS - Satellite Networked Open Ground Station

What started as a Nasa Space App Challenge now becomes an extraordinary opensource achievement on the top five finalist of

What is SatNOGS in non technical words: imagine a cheap mobile openhardware ground station that can collaborate through the internet with other ground stations and gather satellite signals all together, participating in a holistic opensource/opendata and public accessible database/site !

If you are thinking, that cant be right, the answer is that it is!!!

The amazing team behind the SatNOGS is working around the clock - non stop ONLY with openhardware and free software to do exactly that !

A fully modular system (you can choose your own antennas! or base setup) you can review the entire code on github, you can see in high quality videos and guides for every step, every process, you can participate via comments, emails or even satellite signals !


3D Printing is one of the major component in their journey till now. The have already published every design they are using for the satnogs project on github! You just need to print them. Every non-3d printing hardware are available to every hardware store near by you. The members of this project have published the Arduino code and schematics for the electronics too !!

Everything is fully documented in details, everything is open source !



It’s seems that i may be bias, so dont believe anything i am writing.
See for your self and be mind-blowing impressed with the quality of their hardware documentation

Visit their facebook account for news and contact them if you have a brilliant idea about satellites or you just want to get a status of their work.

How about the team ?

I’ve met the entire team at Athens Hackerspace and the first thing that came into my mind (and it is most impressive) is the diversity of the members itself.

Not only in age (most of them are university students, but older hobbyists are participating too) but also in the technical area of expertise. This team can easily solve every practical problem they can find in the process.

SatNOGS, as I’ve already mentioned, is fully active and that all started (with the bing bang of-course) with an idea: To reach and communicate with the Space (the final frontier). Satellites are sending signals 24/7 and the ground stations cant reach every satellite (i am not talking to geo-static satellites) and there is no one to acknowledge that. The problem that the satnogs is solving is real.

And i hope with this blog post, more people can understand how important is that this project scale to more hackerspaces around the globe.

To see more, just click here and you can monitor the entire process till now.

Tag(s): SatNOGS
read it later

a blog post about Wallabag

Tons of information are passing through your eyes every day. People now are browsing than reading and there are some things you really want to store and read them when you have some free time. Bookmarks are pretty useful for storing the url but the actual content could be moved somewhere else or even removed from the original place.

read-it-later applications have worked their magic and offline (or caching) storing the actual content to another location. Some of these applications (or online services) have the ability to synchronize their content to your tablet/smartphone or even your ebook reader. The most known service is, of course, pocket.

But then again you have to register to another online service that uses your email for userid and now knows every single thing you like to read! And what will happen if the company behind this service decides to close this or change their policy to sell yours info or hacked or …. whatever …. ?

Well that’s the nice thing about free software!

You can self-hosting your own application for saving web pages (aka read-it-later) with wallabag

Just download and extract the latest version inside your web server document root path:

cd /var/www/

wget -c -O
mv wallabag_VERSION wallabag

At this moment you have your own self-hosted read-it-later service.

You need to generate a token for apps to connect with your wallabag instance (login –> config –> Feeds –> generate token) and it will produce something like that:

Token: sd/sdfSDFsdffd20
User ID: 1

Add the firefox add-on from here and then you have to configure only your wallabag URL.

For your smartphone you can use this app
wallabag from F-droid

For this app you need to write the token so that you can synchronize your feeds to your phone.

Wallabag has many features - the most useful for me is the epub export. I can store my articles to my ebook reader !

How about security ? I dont care to setup wallabag under an SSL certificate or bother with “basic auth” login cause i store public articles !!! If someone obtains my credentials he/she/it can use wallabag to mesh with my articles (ok - i have backups) but he/she/it will not gain access to “private” information. That’s said - that dont mean that i dont value of the above (on the contrary) - is just a way to say that in my wallabag instance, i only store already public/publish web pages!

[Edit] UX - update - support - donate

I forgot to mention on my original post that i do appreciate 3 major things when using an free software project.

First is the UX, if something is toooooo difficult for me to use it, i’ll pass it. Even if it is the best project ever. Wallabag isnt top notch on UX, but the design isnt destructive at all when reading an offline article. The work that nicosomb have made on that is really nice.

Second thing the update process: If is too hard for me to update a project, soon i will be bored to do it. I am an intermediate linux user and an open source advocate but i am lazy. Too lazy. Wallabag is super easy to update. Just download and extract. I am amazed that this process isnt already inside wallabag config section. I hope to see that in the next release. But it’s really nice to be notified (internal checks when using config page) and do the hard work of opening a shell, login, download and extract the new release :P

Third thing in my forgot list is support. Wallabag is active and has a new support process. Something that not many opensource projects have. And Nicola (core developer) isnt a hard man to find on social media. That’s always something useful and handy for small things but a known fact that the developer is not MIA.

Finally i choose to support projects via donations. My donates are always smalls - cause i dont have (yet) millions to spare. But even a small contribution from many people can manage to pay for the VPS or other costs that the developer have to pay from his pocket.

Tag(s): wallabag
Fairphone - How to disable the camera shutter sound


How to disable the camera shutter sound:

code snippet only

[root@myhomepc platform-tools]# ./adb shell
shell@android:/ $ su
shell@android:/ # mount -o rw,remount /system                                  
shell@android:/ # echo '' > /system/media/audio/ui/camera_shutter.ogg 

Tag(s): fairphone
Fairphone update #1

If you missed my previous blog post about fairphone click here: here.

this blog post document how to became root and do “advanced” staff.


Fairphone comes with an iFixit app - and of course with some other apps too ;)
If you want to remove it, you can simply connect your phone with your linux box, open USB debugging and adb shell through your phone

Fairphone is already rooted, so when you connect to it via adb, simply type:


to became root.


# adb shell
shell@android:/ $ su
shell@android:/ # 

You can do what-ever you like - but be careful with it !

Next, remount your system partition to be read-write:

# mount -o rw,remount /system 

and then simply remove the app you dont need:

# rm /system/app/FairPhoneIFixIt.apk

(you can alternative use an App-Remove application - but this is more fun, right ?)

and now to the more interesting thing:


How to add busybox to your Fairphone.

You need to download the busybox-armv7l from here

and use adb to push it to your phone:

adb push busybox-armv7l /sdcard/

after that, connect via adb shell, become root, open system to read-write and

cp /sdcard/busybox-armv7l /system/bin/

Fairphone comes with toolbox
There are a few commands point to toolbox:

cat chmod chown cmp cp date dd df dmesg du getevent getprop grep hd id ifconfig iftop insmod ioctl ionice kill ln log ls lsmod lsof md5 mkdir mount mv nandread netstat newfs_msdos notify printenv ps reboot renice rm rmdir rmmod route schedtop sendevent setconsole setprop sleep smd start stop sync top touch umount uptime vmstat watchprops wipe

but busybox has move power:

[, [[, acpid, add-shell, addgroup, adduser, adjtimex, arp, arping, ash,
awk, base64, basename, beep, blkid, blockdev, bootchartd, brctl,
bunzip2, bzcat, bzip2, cal, cat, catv, chat, chattr, chgrp, chmod,
chown, chpasswd, chpst, chroot, chrt, chvt, cksum, clear, cmp, comm,
conspy, cp, cpio, crond, crontab, cryptpw, cttyhack, cut, date, dc, dd,
deallocvt, delgroup, deluser, depmod, devmem, df, dhcprelay, diff,
dirname, dmesg, dnsd, dnsdomainname, dos2unix, du, dumpkmap,
dumpleases, echo, ed, egrep, eject, env, envdir, envuidgid, ether-wake,
expand, expr, fakeidentd, false, fbset, fbsplash, fdflush, fdformat,
fdisk, fgconsole, fgrep, find, findfs, flock, fold, free, freeramdisk,
fsck, fsck.minix, fsync, ftpd, ftpget, ftpput, fuser, getopt, getty,
grep, groups, gunzip, gzip, halt, hd, hdparm, head, hexdump, hostid,
hostname, httpd, hush, hwclock, id, ifconfig, ifdown, ifenslave,
ifplugd, ifup, inetd, init, insmod, install, ionice, iostat, ip,
ipaddr, ipcalc, ipcrm, ipcs, iplink, iproute, iprule, iptunnel,
kbd_mode, kill, killall, killall5, klogd, last, less, linux32, linux64,
linuxrc, ln, loadfont, loadkmap, logger, login, logname, logread,
losetup, lpd, lpq, lpr, ls, lsattr, lsmod, lsof, lspci, lsusb, lzcat,
lzma, lzop, lzopcat, makedevs, makemime, man, md5sum, mdev, mesg,
microcom, mkdir, mkdosfs, mke2fs, mkfifo, mkfs.ext2, mkfs.minix,
mkfs.vfat, mknod, mkpasswd, mkswap, mktemp, modinfo, modprobe, more,
mount, mountpoint, mpstat, mt, mv, nameif, nanddump, nandwrite,
nbd-client, nc, netstat, nice, nmeter, nohup, nslookup, ntpd, od,
openvt, passwd, patch, pgrep, pidof, ping, ping6, pipe_progress,
pivot_root, pkill, pmap, popmaildir, poweroff, powertop, printenv,
printf, ps, pscan, pstree, pwd, pwdx, raidautorun, rdate, rdev,
readahead, readlink, readprofile, realpath, reboot, reformime,
remove-shell, renice, reset, resize, rev, rm, rmdir, rmmod, route, rpm,
rpm2cpio, rtcwake, run-parts, runlevel, runsv, runsvdir, rx, script,
scriptreplay, sed, sendmail, seq, setarch, setconsole, setfont,
setkeycodes, setlogcons, setserial, setsid, setuidgid, sh, sha1sum,
sha256sum, sha3sum, sha512sum, showkey, slattach, sleep, smemcap,
softlimit, sort, split, start-stop-daemon, stat, strings, stty, su,
sulogin, sum, sv, svlogd, swapoff, swapon, switch_root, sync, sysctl,
syslogd, tac, tail, tar, tcpsvd, tee, telnet, telnetd, test, tftp,
tftpd, time, timeout, top, touch, tr, traceroute, traceroute6, true,
tty, ttysize, tunctl, udhcpc, udhcpd, udpsvd, umount, uname, unexpand,
uniq, unix2dos, unlzma, unlzop, unxz, unzip, uptime, users, usleep,
uudecode, uuencode, vconfig, vi, vlock, volname, wall, watch, watchdog,
wc, wget, which, who, whoami, whois, xargs, xz, xzcat, yes, zcat, zcip

to add a new command to your fairphone just link it against busybox:

shell@android:/system/bin # ln -s busybox vi 

from here … you can do pretty much whatever you like !.

Tag(s): fairphone

I am a proud owner of a fairphone.
For about ~300 euros i bought a really cool smartphone.

When you boot up your phone for the first time, there is a widget to add support for google apps.
Just remove it and go on with your life. Nothing useful here.

[EDIT #1] Before we begin our beautiful opensource journey, you must have in mind that ALL your personal devices can be hacked, stolen or be destroyed (crashed/brick/whatever). You have to remember that - you should have your digital data elsewhere and sync/backup/encrypt EVERYTHING. So dont use your phone as an offline image gallery, dont save everything in our mails.

First thing: Encrypt the /sdcard

You need to add a PIN to screen lock (Settings –> Security –> Screen Lock –> PIN)
after that tap through: Settings –> Security –> Encryption –> Encrypt device

Be aware: THIS MUST BE the first thing, cause every data on your SD (internal/external) will be destroyed.

So you have to unlock the screen everytime with that PIN and it’s the same PIN that you need to type on boot time. Not very safe.

It’s safer to change the PIN to decrypt your card with a passphrase. There is an excellent article here or just use (without reading) this app: Cryptfs Password

I downloaded the app (through the f-droid site and not through f-droid app), i’ve changed the PIN to a PASSPHRASE and then removed the app from my phone.

AGAIN you must be sure that no data are in your SDCARD.

Verify that your phone is booting up fine, decryption is using the passphrase, there is an unlock PIN for you mobile card and a different PIN to unlock your screen lock.

It’s not paranoia (not yet) but it’s the most safe and easy thing you can do.

Below i will just document the apps i am using through F-Droid:

  • AdAway - Do remove ads
  • AFWall+ - Firewall App
  • Autostarts - Disable apps from starting at boot (or other state of your phone)
  • Barcode Scanner - QR decoder and more
  • DavDroid - CardDAV/CalDAV client
  • DiskUsage - Disk Usage
  • Epub3 Reader - Cause i read epub books
  • F-droid - Free software for your android
  • Firefox - Web Browser
  • k9 - email client
  • OpenFlashLight - a simple flash light
  • OsmAnd~ - Openstreet Navigator (and more)
  • RMaps - Map Client (and more)
  • Ted - simple text editor
  • Terminal Emulator - cause let’s face it, if you have a shell access you can do everything.
  • Tincd-vpn - Vpn client
  • VuDroid - Pdf Reader
  • Wallabag - offline read later app
  • Xabber - Jabber client

There are two closed source apps that i am using and couldnt find a decent replacement on f-droid (and believe me when i am telling you that i’ve tried a few).

  • MyBookDroid - book cataloging
  • Tweedle - twitter client

MyBookDroid is nowhere to find - I’ve moved it from my previous phone

[EDIT 2]: I’ve installed Twidere and used it for a while - but i didnt like it.

I will document the use of DavDroid to another blog post - cause you need a free software card/cal DAV server to use it.
DavDroid will give you the ability to synchronize your contacts against your own server.

K-9 has the ability to add PGP support - to encrypt your emails when talking to a recipient with PGP.
I will also document k-9 with my mail server setup.

Same thing about openvpn client.

So here it is !

Tag(s): fairphone
Moving Away from Closed Source

The last couple months (all started when comzeradd ordered two fairphones) i am going through the Great Transition: “Moving Away from every closed source/service to free (opensource) software.”

As i have already mentioned: Moving to free/opensource applications isnt always easy. But then again, when freedom was an easy thing ?.

So the transition has a few bumps in the way.

Some of my decisions are in my twitter’s timeline and some on my wiki.

I will document EVERYTHING but I’ll do it on separated blog posts and code will be in my wiki so that the entire documentation will no be a huge mesh.

I am fortunate enough to have smarted people than me to suggest brilliant things all the time.
Their comments (twitter/blog/mail) have made my life easier and are helping me with this transition.

I would love to read your comments (just remember that i dont accept http links inside blog comments).

So let’s start !

postgres nightmare

Some time in the last week, the iscsi volume of one of our PostgreSQL went up to 98% and nagios vomited on the standby mobile.

The specific postgres database holds customer’s preferences related to our webmail.

Unfortunately the webmail is a java web app (tomcat) - custom written by some company and the source code is a spaghetti mesh. The code has also gazillion bugs, so we took a decision to migrate to an opensource php based webmail. Hopefully in the near future we will official migrate to the new webmail platform and all known problems to humanity will cease to exist.

Till that time, we have to maintain the current webmail platform and figure out how a ~500Mb database has become a nearly ~50Gb nightmare!

My knowledge on databases are not basic but to be fair i lack in experience. As a veteran standby engineer I know that I need to apply a quick & dirty patch and investigate afterworks. Also I am not afraid to ask for help! And so i did.

First thing to do: increase the volume on the storage machine. I’ve said already that we are using an iscsi partition so it’s pointless that action. In fact - no it isnt !!! The storage machine has a percentage for reserving storage for snapshots. And the increase gave us a little space to breath as the snapshots were “eating” space from the actual volume! You are probably thinking that we should resize the partition - but this is a live-production machine and we dont want a downtime on the service (umount/resize/mount).

From 98% to 93% with only one command.

Second, but most popular thing to do, was VACUUM. A colleague took that step and tried to VACUUM each table separately so not to “lock” or provoke the daemon to a crash or even worst. That gave us a 88% of free space and the time to think before we act again.

For all you people that dont know postgres, postgres doesnt delete actual data from the storage only from the database. So you need to enable autovacuum or vacuum by hand from time to time.

Of course before everything else (or even vacuum) we took a pg_dump to another partition.
But pg_dump was taking hours and hours to complete.

After further investigation, we found a table that pg_dump was getting difficult with.

Fired up a new database and tried to restore this table there.
I couldnt. There was an error of duplicates and the restoration process was failing.

Tried to figured out the duplicate entries. 20 entries! The table has only four columns and a ~ 50.000 data entries. Only 20 of them were duplicates. The amount of data in size is ~20Mb. I was looking the data/entries and removed by hand the duplicates. After that i re-index the specific table and an hour later over 20Gb were free. Down to 44% from 98% by deleted 20 entries.

At that point i was thinking that postgres is mocking me. How the hell a 20Mb table had gone over 20G ?

Now pg_dump is taking 6.5 minutes - but is still taking a long time to dump this specific table.

Tomorrow is a new day to experiment with PostgreSQL

[edit1]: Just to be fair, postgres version is 8.1
[edit2]: The VACUUM process just finished. Another 20G free !!! So in total for 20 duplicate entries a total 40G disk free! We are now at 9% from 98% of used disk.

PS: We have already discussed a lot of plans (upgrade postgres version, restore the dump to a new machine etc etc) in our department but we believe not to focus to any of them (yet) as we havent found the trigger that fired up the database from 500Mb to 50Gb. After that all plays are in hand.

Tag(s): postgres
The Cathedral and the Bazaar

This amazing essay (you can find it here is one of the best reads you can have about the free & opensource movement.


If you havent read it yet, take a break and do it now

Tag(s): books
Dockerfile for Two-Factor Authentication

Most of the people that read this blog post should already know what Two-Factor Authentication is.

For those you don’t, in short terms 2FA is when you can login to a server/site/application using two things and not only one (your password).
Something you have and something you know, like when using your bank card (something you have) with it’s pin (something you know).

There are three (3) android apps at f-droid

  • Google Authenticator
  • FreeOTP
  • Gort

I dont want to use the google authenticator, and i havent yet tested FreeOTP, so i’ve chosen Gort to write about.
Gort is using the barada-pam package as the back-end.

Barada/Gort are based on HMAC-Based One-Time Password Algorithm and not on time sync. This is useful if the clocks are drift and the server (barada) can “catch” one-time passwords even if the counter is out-of-sync by a little.

I ‘ve built a Docker image to show barada/gort on the next Security Talk at Athens,Greece Hackerspace and below is the link on my wiki that contains the Dockerfile.

Be aware on the notes/comments on the file.

reading books

I like to read.

One of my biggest fears is that I ‘ll never be able to read all the books I’ve checked in my entire life. Even in this technological era that everything is easier and faster - the amount of free time is always less than the year before. That’s the way it is for me and it seems that i can’t do anything to fix it. So i like to keep a short book list - cause my long book list is about a million of unread books (give or take a few thousands). I understand that the previous statement is somehow an overstatement but as I’ve already mentioned in the begging of this blog post, i like to read (although i am not a very smart person).

I never had read William Gibson and I thought to start with the Neuromancer. This would be my first cyberpunk culture book EVER so I believed that i would loved it.


If you have good friends - as i do - they will find a loophole to screw with you, in everything you ‘ll ever do. And so they did! They told me to stop reading Neuromancer and start the Burning Chrome by William Gibson.


And so I did! Burning Chrome is a collection of cyberpunk - science function short stories that are written before Neuromancer and that was my first intro to cyberpunk.

After that … i was reading about Transhumanism and watched videos about it.

But the most important thing of all is the fun of knowledge !

I wish i could figured it out that when i was young, in school and not arguing all day with my teachers about everything.

So I am finally reading Neuromancer! I am at 40% on the ebook, 50 days after my first attempt to read it.

Tag(s): books
Web Proxy Autodiscovery Protocol with dnsmasq

It seems that you can push a WPAD to desktops via dhcp.

My proxy is based on squid running on 8080.

I ‘ve build a WPAD file similar to the below:


function FindProxyForURL(url, host)
        return "PROXY; DIRECT";

next thing is to publish it via a web server.
I am using thttpd for static pages/files:

how to test it:

# curl -L

after that a simple entry on Dnsmasq


and restart your dnsmasq

Dont forget to do a dhcp release on your windows machine

Tag(s): dnsmasq, squid, WPAD
dnsmasq with custom hosts file

Title: dnsmasq with custom hosts file - aka ban sites with dnsmasq

I ‘ve already said it too many times, but dnsmasq is a beautiful project for SOHO (small office/home office) environment.

I am using it as DNS caching server, DHCP server & tftpd (PXE) server and it’s amazing.

One thing i do with the dns section is that i “BAN” urls i dont like. Think something like AdBlock on firefox.
Two configuration changes:


as root

wget -O /etc/hosts.txt && 



in /etc/dnsmasq.conf


You can also put the wget cmd in your crontab with the @monthly scheduler but you need to restart the dnsmasq every month!

Another amazing thing is that you can add your one entries:

echo >> /etc/hosts.txt

restart your dnsmasq service and check it:

# dig @localhost +short
Tag(s): dnsmasq