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Read It Later or Read It Never ?



I really like this comic.
I try to read/learn something every day.


Sometimes, when I find an interesting article, I like to mark it for reading it later.


I use many forms of marking, like pin tabs, bookmarking, sending url via email, save the html page to a folder, save it to my wallabag instance, leave my browser open to this tab, send the URL QR to my phone etc etc etc.


Are all the above ways productive?


None … the time to read something is now!
I mean the first time you lay your eyes upon the article.


Not later, not when you have free time, now.


That’s the way it works with me. Perhaps with you something else is more productive.


I have a short attention span and it is better for me to drop everything and read something carefully that save it for later or some other time.


When I really have to save it for later, my preferable way is to save it to my wallabag instance. It’s perfect and you will love it.


I also have a kobo ebook (e-ink) reader. Not the android based.
From my wallabag I can save them to epub and export them to my kobo.


But I am lazy and I never do it.


My kobo reader has a pocket (getpocket) account.


So I’ve tried to save some articles but not always pocket can parse properly the content of an article. Not even wallabag always work 100%.


The superiority of wallabag (and self-hosted application) is that when a parsing problem occurs I can fix them! Open a git push request and then EVERYBODY in the community will be able to read-this article from this content provider-later. I cant do something like that with pocket or readability.


And then … there are ads !!! Lots of ads, Tons of ads !!!


There is a correct way to do ads and this is when you are not covering the article you want people to read!
The are a lot of wrong ways to do ads: inline the text, above the article, hiding some of the content, make people buy a fee, provide an article to small pages (you know that height in HTML is not a problem, right?) and then there is bandwidth issues.

When I am on my mobile, I DONT want to pay extra for bandwidth I DIDNT ask and certainly do not care about it!!!
If I read the article on my tiny mobile display DO NOT COVER the article with huge ads that I can not find the X-close button because it doesnt fit to my display !!!

So yes, there is a correct way to do ads and that is by respecting the reader and there is a wrong way to do ads.


Getting back to the article’s subject, below you will see six (6) ways to read an article on my desktop. Of course there are hundreds ways but there are the most common ones:


Article: The cyberpunk dystopia we were warned about is already here

Extra info:
windows width: 852
2 times zoom-out to view more text

  1. Pocket
  2. Original Post in Firefox 48.0.1
  3. Wallabag
  4. Reader View in Firefox
  5. Chromium 52.0.2743.116
  6. Midori 0.5.11 - WebKitGTK+ 2.4.11

Click to zoom:

I believe that Reader View in Firefox is the winner of this test. It is clean and it is focusing on the actual article.
Impressive !

Tag(s): wallabag
Open compressed file with gzip zcat perl php lua python

I have a compressed file of:

250.000.000 lines
Compressed the file size is: 671M
Uncompressed, it's: 6,5G

Need to extract a plethora of things and verify some others.

I dont want to use bash but something more elegant, like python or lua.

Looking through “The-Internet”, I’ve created some examples for the single purpose of educating my self.

So here are my results.
BE AWARE they are far-far-far away from perfect in code or execution.

Sorted by (less) time of execution:


pigz - Parallel gzip - Zlib

# time pigz  -p4 -cd  2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz &> /dev/null 

real    0m9.980s
user    0m16.570s
sys 0m0.980s


gzip 1.8

# time /bin/gzip -cd 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz &> /dev/null

real    0m23.951s
user    0m23.790s
sys 0m0.150s


zcat (gzip) 1.8

# time zcat 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz &> /dev/null

real    0m24.202s
user    0m24.100s
sys 0m0.090s


Perl v5.24.0



open (FILE, '/bin/gzip -cd 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz |');

while (my $line = ) {
  print $line;

close FILE;


# time ./ &> /dev/null

real    0m49.942s
user    1m14.260s
sys 0m2.350s


PHP 7.0.9 (cli)



< ? php

  $fp = gzopen("2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz", "r");

  while (($buffer = fgets($fp, 4096)) !== false) {
        echo $buffer;


 ? >


# time php -f dump.php &> /dev/null

real    1m19.407s
user    1m4.840s
sys 0m14.340s

PHP - Iteration #2

PHP 7.0.9 (cli)

Impressed with php results, I took the perl-approach on code:

< ? php

  $fp = popen("/bin/gzip -cd 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz", "r");

  while (($buffer = fgets($fp, 4096)) !== false) {
        echo $buffer;


 ? >


# time php -f dump2.php &> /dev/null 

real    1m6.845s
user    1m15.590s
sys 0m19.940s

not bad !


Lua 5.3.3



local gzip = require 'gzip'

local filename = "2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz"

for l in gzip.lines(filename) do


# time ./dump.lua &> /dev/null

real    3m50.899s
user    3m35.080s
sys 0m15.780s

Lua - Iteration #2

Lua 5.3.3

I was depressed to see that php is faster than lua!!
Depressed I say !

So here is my next iteration on lua:



local file = assert(io.popen('/bin/gzip -cd 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz', 'r'))

while true do
        line = file:read()
        if line == nil then break end
        print (line)


# time ./dump2.lua &> /dev/null 

real    2m45.908s
user    2m54.470s
sys 0m21.360s

One minute faster than before, but still too slow !!

Lua - Zlib

Lua 5.3.3

My next iteration with lua is using zlib :



local zlib = require 'zlib'
local filename = "2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz"

local block = 64
local d = zlib.inflate()

local file = assert(, "rb"))
while true do
  bytes = file:read(block)
  if not bytes then break end
  print (d(bytes))



# time ./dump.lua  &> /dev/null 

real    0m41.546s
user    0m40.460s
sys 0m1.080s

Now, that's what I am talking about !!!

Playing with window_size (block) can make your code faster or slower.

Python v3

Python 3.5.2



import gzip

with, 'r') as f:
    for line in f:


# time ./ &> /dev/null

real    13m14.460s
user    13m13.440s
sys 0m0.670s

Not enough tissues on the whole damn world!

Python v3 - Iteration #2

Python 3.5.2

but wait ... a moment ... The default mode for is 'rb'.
(read binary)

let's try this once more with rt(read-text) mode:



import gzip

with, 'rt') as f:
    for line in f:
        print(line, end="")


# time ./ &> /dev/null 

real    5m33.098s
user    5m32.610s
sys 0m0.410s

With only one super tiny change and run time in half!!!
But still tooo slow.

Python v3 - Iteration #3

Python 3.5.2

Let's try a third iteration with popen this time.



import os

cmd = "/bin/gzip -cd 2016-08-04-06.ldif.gz"
f = os.popen(cmd)
for line in f:
  print(line, end="")


# time ./ &> /dev/null 

real    6m45.646s
user    7m13.280s
sys 0m6.470s

Python v3 - zlib Iteration #1

Python 3.5.2

Let's try a zlib iteration this time.



import zlib

d = zlib.decompressobj(zlib.MAX_WBITS | 16)

with open(filename, 'rb') as f:
    for line in f:


# time ./ &> /dev/null 

real    1m4.389s
user    1m3.440s
sys 0m0.410s

finally some proper values with python !!!


All the running tests occurred to this machine:

4 x Intel(R) Core(TM) i3-3220 CPU @ 3.30GHz


Ok, I Know !

The shell-pipe approach of using gzip for opening the compressed file, is not fair to all the above code snippets.
But ... who cares ?

I need something that run fast as hell and does smart things on those data.

Get in touch

As I am not a developer, I know that you people know how to do these things even better!

So I would love to hear any suggestions or even criticism on the above examples.

I will update/report everything that will pass the "I think I know what this code do" rule and ... be gently with me ;)

PLZ use my email address: evaggelos [ _at_ ] balaskas [ _dot_ ] gr

to send me any suggestions

Thanks !

Tag(s): php, perl, python, lua, pigz
How to dockerize a live system

I need to run some ansible playbooks to a running (live) machine.
But, of-course, I cant use a production server for testing purposes !!

So here comes docker!
I have ssh access from my docker-server to this production server:

[docker-server] ssh livebox tar --one-file-system --sparse -C / -cf -  | docker import - centos6:livebox 

Then run the new docker image:

[docker-server]  docker run -t -i --rm -p 2222:22 centos6:livebox bash                                                  

[root@40b2bab2f306 /]# /usr/sbin/sshd -D                                                                             

Create a new entry on your hosts inventory file, that uses ssh port 2222
or create a new separated inventory file

and test it with ansible ping module:

# ansible -m ping -i hosts.docker dockerlivebox

dockerlivebox | success >> {
    "changed": false,
    "ping": "pong"

Tag(s): docker